How Roulette Is Played

Roulette is a simple casino game with much suspense and excitement. Watching the dealer whip a ball around the roulette wheels and predict where it will land will keep you wanting more. Roulette games have offered mystery, fun, and glamour since their breakout in the 17th century, and they became prevalent because of their simple rules.

The game rules are easy to understand but provide incredible depth for casino game lovers. Understanding some roulette games strategy will increase your odds of winning and earning more money. Here is a breakdown of everything you need to know. 

The Basics of How Roulette is Played

Roulette is Played

Depending on the game’s variation, the roulette wheel has 37 or 38 numbered pockets. The numbers on the wheel run from 0 to 36, or 00 to 36 in American-style roulette. The pockets are colored red or black, except the 0 and 00 pockets, which are typically colored green.

Players lay their wagers on the roulette table to play the game. Inside and outside bets are the two basic divisions of the table. While outside bets are made on more general categories like the color of the winning number or whether it will be odd or even, inside bets are made on individual numbers or combinations of numbers.

The dealer spins the roulette wheel in one direction once all bets have been put, then lets go of a little ball in the other. As the ball begins to slow down, it will eventually stop in one of the numbered pockets on the wheel. The winning number is whichever pocket the ball lands in.

Roulette Wheel and Table

The roulette wheel is the game’s centerpiece, consisting of a spinning wheel with numbered pockets. In American-style Roulette, there are two green slots labeled as 0 and 00, while in European-style Roulette, there is only one green slot labeled as 0. The numbers on the wheel range from 1 to 36, with half being red and the other half being black.

The roulette table is where wagers are made. It has a betting structure that matches the numbers and colors on the roulette wheel. The betting layout includes inside and outside bets, with different payout odds and minimum and maximum bets.

Roulette Chips and Betting Options

To play Roulette, players must first exchange their money for roulette chips. These chips determine the bets that are placed and have different denominations. Players can place bets on a single number or multiple numbers, colors, odd or even numbers, and more.

In Roulette, there are numerous betting alternatives, which are broadly divided into inside bets and outer bets. Inside bets, which are made on particular numbers or numbers in a certain combination, offer better payout odds but are less likely to win. Outside bets are placed on groups of numbers or characteristics of the winning number, and they have lower payout odds but higher chances of winning.

The straight-up bet, which is put on a single number, and the split bet, which is placed on two adjacent numbers, are two examples of inside bets. While the red or black bet, which is staked on the winning number’s color, and the even or odd bet, which is staked on the winning number’s parity, are examples of outside bets.

There are also more advanced betting options, such as the line bet, which is placed on a line that covers six numbers, and the column bet, which is placed on one of the three vertical columns on the betting layout.

Roulette House Edge

The house edge in Roulette refers to the advantage the casino has over players. In European Roulette, the house edge is 2.7%, while in American Roulette, the house edge is 5.26% due to the additional double zero. This means that over time, the casino will profit by an average of 2.7% or 5.26% of all money bet on European or American Roulette, respectively.

Minimum and Maximum Bets

Roulette tables have minimum and maximum bets, which determine the amount of money that can be wagered on each bet. The minimum bet is the smallest amount of money that can be wagered on a single bet, while the maximum bet is the largest amount of money that can be wagered on a single bet.

Different minimum and maximum wagers apply, depending on the casino and the particular roulette table. A roulette table, for instance, might allow a minimum wager of $1 and a maximum wager of $10,000.

Payout Odds and House Edge

The payout odds for each bet in Roulette depend on the probability of winning that bet. Lower payout odds are associated with higher winning probabilities and vice versa. The casino’s advantage over the player in roulette is known as the house edge, and it is determined using the odds of each bet being successful.

In European-style Roulette, the house edge is lower than in American-style Roulette, due to the presence of only one green slot on the wheel. The house edge in European-style Roulette is approximately 2.7%, while the house edge in American-style Roulette is approximately 5.26%.

You Should Know That;

  • In order to play roulette and win money, you must accurately estimate which number the ball will settle on when the dealer rotates the wheel.
  • In a roulette game, the next round starts after the dealer clears the previous round’s roulette table. At this point, you will place your bet on the number slots you want. 
  • Play the outside wagers first. In contrast to single-digit wagers, outside wagers are clusters of numbers. Outside bets are cheaper and have a high chance of hitting. 
  • For this reason, avoid using complicated tactics in Roulette because it is a game of luck. Enjoy your time and walk away when you no longer have fun. 

Basic Things About Roulette Betting

Understand The Game Pieces And How To Keep A Winning Streak.

You will always find a wheel and a table in every roulette game. There are always 36 numbers on the roulette wheel and a 0 on the roulette table; on certain American tables, there is also a 00 on both. A dealer spins a small white ball that will finally land on 1 of the numbered slots on the wheel. 

Next, you will place your bet to match the slot on the wheel that you predict the ball will land in; you win and earn if your prediction is correct. Apart from numbers, roulette games offer betting options such as;

  • Black
  • Even
  • Odd
  • 1-18
  • Red
  • 19-36
  • 1st 12: which means a bet for the numbered slots 1-12
  • 2nd 12: which means a bet for the numbered slots 13-24
  • 3rd 12: which means a bet for the numbered slots 25-36

Understand The Types Of Inside Bets

Your winning chances in Roulette depend on how often you can correctly bet on the pocket type on which the ivory balls will land. If you wager on inside bets, your chances of winning are low, but the paying odds are high if your prediction is high. Note that inside bets mean betting on certain selected numbers different from a set of numbers.

Inside bets can take many various forms, such as:

  • Straight-up wagering on a single number. 35:1 is the payout.
  • Bet on two numbers in a split. Splitting the bet pays 17 to 1.
  • A three-number street wager. The street wager returns 11 to 1. Four-number corner bet. Corner wagers return 8 to 1.
  • Six digits on a six-line wager. It’s worth 5 to 1.
  • The optimum position for a single chip to go on the roulette table is at the end of any “street” if you want to make a 3-number wager.
  • If you are playing Roulette and want to place a 6-line bet with a single chip, it is best to position the chip next to two adjoining streets.
  • If you prefer American Roulette, it offers the 5-number bet featuring 00, 0, 1, 2, and 3, paying 6 to 1. Also, row 00 featuring 0 and 00 pays 17 to 1. 

Understand The Types Of Outside Bets

Outside bets do not involve certain or selected numbers but a set of numbers such as evens and odds. Reds and blacks, high and lows. Position your chips on the table outside the number map if you go for outside bets. There are different types of outside bets. They include;

  • Color betting black or red paying 1 to 1.
  • Even or odd betting; equally pays a ratio of 1 to 1.
  • Column bet on 12 numbers in a single column. Column bet pays 2 to 1.
  • Dozen bet paying 2 to 1 on 1st 12, 2nd 12, and so on. 
  • High or low bets paying 1 to 1 on 1-18 and 19-36. 

Figure Out The House Edge And Its Essence To Your Odds

As a casino lover, you must understand that every roulette table, casino game, or online casino always has an edge. The additional number 0 is the source of the house advantage, which increases the house’s odds of winning by 2.7%. You might have seen several techniques for improving your odds, but they usually fail to work. However, some tactics can work in your favor; check them below;

  • Most French tables in French Roulette set up rules that favor the players. The “La Partage” and “En Prison” regulations cover “even money” bets placed outside the table that pay 1 to 1 on odd or even, red or black, and high or low. The ball must follow the regulations if it landed in the 0-numbered slot.
  • Players lose only half of their bets when using the En Prison rule and la partage rule. Note that you cannot leave your bet on the roulette table for another spin when the la partage rule is applied. 
  • Also, the la partage rule makes collecting half of your bet possible if you lose, while the en prison rule allows you to leave half of your bet on the roulette table for the next spin/round. 
  • In American Roulette, the 00 slot increases the house edge incredibly. Casino tables with a 00 give the house a 5.6% advantage. 

How To Play Roulette Game

Choose a roulette table that is within your budget.

The minimum and maximum bets are listed on a sign that is located on each roulette table. For example, a roulette table might have an inscription that reads thus: “Roulette. $10 minimum inside bets, $10 minimum outside bets. $1000 maximum outside bets, $100 maximum outside bets.” 

Table maximums are always lower in outside bets because of the high payoffs the players stand to gain. 

  • Decide on a budget before you go to any roulette table; this will give you a clear amount of your maximum bet even before you start any round. The next step is to choose a roulette table with a minimum wager that allows you to enjoy yourself and play multiple times while staying within your means.
  •  Every roulette table has a board showing the last numbers the ball has landed on. Be careful not to make your predictions or calculate your odds based on the data on the board. For each spin, the chances of the ball landing on a particular number are the same every time; it is always the same ball and roulette wheel yesterday, the day before, today, and tomorrow, so don’t be distracted. 

Improving Your Bets Requires That You Take Note Of What Is Happening On Your Table

You can study several strategies for winning Roulette; however, your best chance of keeping a winning streak depends on your ability to pay extra attention to the dealer, the table, and the roulette wheel itself simply because the game is solely based on luck. Take note of patterns and habits. 

  • In some casinos, dealers release the ball from the same angle and with the same velocity at a particular point in time. Once the dealer releases the ball, it lands on the same numbers increasing the chances that the ball will land on that part of the roulette wheel repeatedly. 
  • There are instances where a roulette wheel goes off-kilter, but most casinos spot this easily. There is no basic technique to spot that a wheel is off-balance unless you study 1000+ spins.

Buy A Roulette Chip From Your Dealer

Once you have decided to play Roulette, the next thing you do is discuss with the dealer that you want to purchase a roulette chip. The dealer will proceed to ask you the denomination you want to use for each chip. If you selected a $5 minimum table earlier, you would be able to purchase chips between $1 to $100. 

After deciding how much money you want to invest, the dealer will sign on your colored chip to describe its value, then give it to you. 

  • The roulette game does not allow you to play with regular casino chips, as each player gets a certain color of chips to differentiate one player from the other. For instance, spouses are advised to separate during roulette games to avoid complications. 
  • The values of roulette chips solely depend on the roulette wheel. Whenever you want to leave the table, You must first drop all your remaining chips on the roulette table, then inform the dealer you want to cash out. The dealer will give you normal casino chips in exchange. 

Understand The Procedure Of Each Roulette Round

Understanding the procedures involved in each round makes it easy to know the right time to place a winning bet. The dealer pays the winning bets and then clears the table to start the next round. The dealer will give the players little time to decide on their bets for the next round; he will then spin the roulette wheel and throw the ball while announcing “no sure bets,” meaning the betting for that particular round is over. 

  • Once the ball stops, the dealer marks the winning number and clears the losing bets from the table. The recipients of the winning bets get paid, and the process continues. 

Place Your Bet Close To The Corresponding Number Slots

Once the dealer is done clearing the previous table to start the next round, place your chips close to the corresponding spots. The pioneer six bets are stationed on the pockets numbered 0-36 on the roulette table, and if your bet is going for a column, the best move is to place your bet on the empty pocket below the three columns.

In addition, if you prefer the outside bets, use the odd, even, red, black, high, or low pockets.

  • Cash out your chips after every round of winning in a roulette game. You can then continue betting with your initial wager, do not be tricked into betting with your winnings. 
  • Some players watch the moves of other gamers before placing a bet to either copy them or do the opposite of what they are doing. This is a great strategy but does not guarantee winning other than coincidence. 
  • Your odds of winning over several rounds will increase by using the low-risk, low-reward Fibonacci betting technique. With this method, you can place outside bets on any Fibonacci sequence number at even or odd, red or black. (1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89).
  • High-risk, high-rewarding betting strategies such as Martingale will have you losing too much money. When using the Martingale method, you must keep doubling your bets after a winning streak ends. Despite the big payoff promised, there is a greater possibility of losing than of winning.

Table Layout

The table below describes the overview of a roulette table and the position of each bet on every area of the table.

Outside betBet typePayoutWinning percentage
1High or low1 to 147.37%
2Red or black1 to 147.37%
3Odd or even1 to 147.37%
4Dozen bet2 to 132.43%
5Column bet on 12 numbers 2 to 132.43%
Inside bet
6Five-number bet(0,00,1,2, 3)6 to 113.16%
7Six-line bets on six numbers 5 to 115.79%
8Corner bet on four numbers8 to 110.53%
9Streer bet on three numbers 11 to 17.89%
10Split bet on two numbers17 to 15.26%
11Straight up bet on one number35 to 12.63%


Roulette is an exciting casino game; the rules are simple, and you earn as you play. Also, you should understand that it is a game of chance and luck, and your odds on each spin won’t change. If you need help navigating this game or you need help with the winning strategies, this guide will help you. 

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